The plants listed here are relatively common woodland plants that have become less common due to lack of woodland management. These plants act as indicators of woodland condition, their presence indicating that the woodland’s management is beneficial to the woodland ecosystem. Some of these plants, such as honeysuckle, are important nectar sources for insects and bees, which in turn pollinate other plants. Others, such as hawthorn, are a key component of many woodlands and wood pastures. They act as a nurse to saplings of oaks and other trees, and are an important host for a range of insects and some lichens.Taking simple steps to manage woods to support these plants will gradually move our woodlands back towards a functioning ecosystem.