the first young bracken shoots prior to unfurling; shaped like the top of a shepherd’s crook.
a type of symbiotic relationship between fungi and the roots of other plants; frequently woody plants
fell and leave the tree in situ to decay.
progressive, selective thinning around a tree or small, distinct group of trees.
Plantation on Ancient Woodland Site
organisms, particularly fungi and bacteria that feed on dead organic matter
those species that are dependent for part of their lifecycle on dead or dying wood.
the transition zone between two or more vegetation communities
twiggy growth that sprouts directly out of the main trunk of a tree, often from the base of the trunk.
two or more vegetation communities occurring together in an intimate mix, with no one community dominant.
follows 'thicket stage' in a young plantation, as trees compete for light, lose their lower branches and shoot up to form pole-like trunks.
priority species for conservation listed under the NERC Act 2006. Equivalent list in Wales is Section 42 under the same Act.
early growth of a plantation, when it looks like thick scrub.
trees and shrubs beneath the canopy; includes younger individuals of the dominant canopy species, small tree species, saplings and trees which have developed a shrub form as a result of coppicing or heavy browsing.